Writer: Syafarudin, S.Sos., M.A
A Lecturer of Government Science at FISIP Universitas Lampung
Disruption or change is a necessity. It can be partial or total disruption. A wave of disruption has colored all aspects of people’s lives (such as in business, technology, social, culture, government, and politics) in almost every country in the world.
This disruption was triggered by Industry 4.0., back to a decade ago when there was a German Hannofer Fair meeting in 2011 and continued in 2012, the Working Group industry 4.0 recommendation emerged. It all starts with the demands, desires, and needs of citizens of the world to obtain products and services that are smart (effective, efficient, and multi-functional) through smart factory.
The industrial revolution in the fourth stage (era 4.0) is a condition when there are massive changes in various fields through a combination of technologies that reduce barriers between the physical, digital and biological worlds in the 21st century.
This revolution marked in advances of artificial intelligence technology, robots, nanotechnology, quantum computing, Biotechnology, internet of things, 3D printing, and unmanned aerial vehicles such as drones.
As the previous industrial revolution, the fourth one, in the eyes of netizens, has the potential to improve the quality of life throughout the world. However, this double-edged sword advancement in automation and artificial intelligence has raised fears that machines will take over human work one day.
If the previous revolutions could open new jobs to replace what is taken over by machines, now, artificial intelligence and automation can replace the whole human labor which is replaced by robotic technology.
The era of industry 4.0 can also be seen as a social and cultural change that takes place quickly and involves the basic needs and desires of the people. The change can be planned or without violence and / or through violence.
The basis change is the fulfillment of desires of human needs quickly and with quality. The industrial revolution has changed the way humans work from manuals to automation or digitalization.
Industry 4.0 is the fourth phase of a historical journey of the industrial revolution which began in the 18th century. According to Prof. Schwab, the world is experiencing four waves of the industrial revolution. Industry 1.0 was marked by the invention of a steam engine to support production engines, trains, and sailing ships.
Work equipment that originally depended on human and animal power, replaced with a steam engine. This revolution also had a negative impact in the form of mass unemployment.
Electrical energy and the concept of division of labor to produce large quantities of production discovered in the early 19th century, it has marked the birth of Industry 2.0. Electrical energy has encouraged scientists to find various other technologies such as lights, telegraphs, and conveyor belts.
The rapid development of science and technology in the early 20th century has given birth to information technology and production processes that are controlled automatically. Industrial machines are no longer controlled by human labor but controlled by a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) or a computer-based automation system.
As a result, production costs become cheaper. Information technology is also advancing, including camera technology that integrated with mobile phones and the development of the creative industry in the world of music with the discovery of digital files.
The industrial revolution is at its peak today with the birth of digital technology which has a massive impact on human life in the world. The latest or fourth-generation is driving automation in all processes. The massive use of the internet not only connects millions of people around the world but has also become the basis for online trade and transportation transactions (Ahmad Yusril Wafi, 2019).
As a fast-paced process, the impact of the industrial revolution does not directly lead to total disruption, but generally begins with self-disruption, events, initial cases that contain pathology, obstacles, and challenges like a fully loaded ship in the middle of the ocean.
Recognizing the danger of weathering, then triggers people to record, convey initiations, creations, and innovations so the recovery or change of approach, ways of thinking, and seeking action from old ways become new patterns can happen.
Academics who carry out the Tri Dharma mission are always consistent in recording, researching, criticizing, and providing alternative ideas or solutions to an event, a case of public concern in the mass media (whether local, national, Indonesian and English, print-based or online).
Academic anthology attempts to record, criticize, review various dynamics of government and politics that have occurred in a decade. This can be seen in the first part of the dynamics of government and the second part of the dynamics of politics.
They have reminded us that the competition between countries (especially the elements of the apparatus, business, campus, and citizens) will be focus on creativity and innovation.
The recipe to create creative and innovative resources is stimulated from the results of world bank research (1995) on 150 countries in the world. The superior country is determined by the contribution of natural resources (10%), technology (20%), networking (25%), and the biggest contribution pinggiran.is the ability to create innovation & creativity (45%).
Large population and abundant natural resources, if managed improperly without added value, the nation is ready to become a peripheral nation.
Unfortunately, the efforts to start the innovations in all regions of Indonesia are faced with 5 big anomalies or problems, such as (1) corruption that is whacking with numerous OTT KPK; (2) An effort to pull the bureaucracy from a neutral side to the candidates or incumbents.
This certainly disturbs the professionalism and performance of the bureaucrats; (3) It’s difficult to expect the regional leaders to be the agents of innovation because they are bound with investors who support their finance during the election (high cost politics).
(4) the private sector (market), with help from the media, sometimes takes over the role of government agencies that are clueless (technologically illiterate) and slow. he market, for example, cuts red type through live quick count actions, and public administration services; (5) there is still a lot of discontinued or half-hearted development by the successive elite. Change the leaders, then change the policies.
Alhamdulillah, millennials as a front guard for the demographic bonus in the coming era (the golden era of Indonesia) experiences government and political disruption based on technology 4.0. In Nusantara, this is the first step of the numerous stairs. Millennials are optimistic, the emergence of the Covid-19 in two-thirds of the world’s countrie as a new trigger for global disruption. they believe they can do even better.